Pakistan’s share in this trade is less than US$ 50.0 million per year even though it has got the 5th or perhaps the 6th largest reserves of precious and semi precious gems in the world.

Gilgit Baltistan has reserves of emeralds, ruby, topaz, tourmaline, aquamarine, sapphire etc. It is, however, not able to benefit from this resource as it lacks skills in lapidary (the art of cutting, shaping and polishing stones), because of which, most of the exports are in the form of uncut or raw gemstones.

GB Trade Key (Pvt)Ltd is arranging geological tours and
geological study tours in the Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan. We organize tours to
the local mines of precious and semi-precious stones in the mountains.
The local people doing classical mining in various regions of Northern
Areas and sell the stones in local markets. There are several mines in
various regions of Skardu, Haramosh, Deosai mountains, Nanga Parbat,
Hindukush and Hunza Nagar Valleys .Gem pegmatite is abundant in Chitral,
Gilgit, Hunza and Skardu in the northern part of Pakistan . The entire
northern area of Pakistan comprising the high Hindukush, Karakorum ,
which bears large extensive batholiths, contains pegmatite fields along
the granitic margins. This region is located in one of the most
geologically dynamic environments in the world that is at the suture
zone along which the Indo-Pakistan and Asian crustal plates have
collided. It is comprised of three major crustal elements or domains.
From north to south, these are the components of the Asian Plate which
are thrust over the andesitic Kohistan Island arc their boundary being
marked by the Main Karakoram Thrust or MKT, the Kohistan Island Arc
which has been ob-ducted onto, the elements of Asian Plate. The boundary
between the latter two components is marked by the Main Mantle Thrust
which is location of a past sub-duction zone and is the western
continuation of the Indus-Tsangpo suture zone. The MKT and MMT are
characterized by outcrops of ophiolitic and meta-volcanic rocks which
record the suturing of the Kohistan arc to the Asian continent to the
north and to the Indian subcontinent to the south. Through hundreds of
thousands of pegmatite occur in various pegmatites fields of northern
Pakistan.Along the Karakorum Highway you can
observe different geomorphologic structures and different types of
rocks. There are mainly metamorphic, Meta igneous volcanic and some
sedimentary rocks. The geology of Kohistan is different and unique in
the area, containing mafic and calalkaline types of rocks. Kohistan
constitute about 36000 sq. kilometers of the territory located between
Indo-Pakistan and Eurasian plates, on the north western side of the
Himalayas . This part is known as the tectonic zone of Karakoram. The
area of Gilgit and Baltistan are mostly over lying by sedimentary rocks
of younger age. There are large and small outcrops of intrusive acidic,
intermediate and ultramafic rocks. In the eastern part near Chilas and
Besham the ultramafic rocks exposed. Bulk of kohistan sequence consists
of Amphibolites, Diorites and associated volcanic rocks. Structural
observations show that due to collision of two plates, Hindu Kush,
Himalayas, Karakorum and other mountains were built different structures
shows the sub-duction and also ob-duction of two plates. The oceanic
plate is heavier than the continental plate so, oceanic plate sub-ducted
under the continental plate. Geologically there are three main parts of
region, Indian Plate or Indian Mass, Asian Plate or Asian Mass and
Kohistan sequence.

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VISIT TO MINES IN THE NORTHERN AREAS OF PAKISTAN
Day-01: Arrival to Islamabad

Day-02: Drive to Chilas

Day-03: Dassu Haramosh

Day-04: Proceed towards Guray, visit of mines

Day-05: Kutwal Lake

Day-06: Trek back to Dassu- drive Gilgit

Day-07: Drive to Hunza Karimabad,

Day-08: Visit of Hopar, Sumyar in Nagar

Day-09: Drive to Lake –Gulmit Passu

Day-10: Duikar

Day-11: Hassanabad Nala

Day-12: Gilgit

Day-13: Stay in Gilgit and Visit Gemstone Market

Day-14: Drive To Roundu

Day-14: Stay in Roudu and Visit Market

Day-15 : Drive To Skardu

Day-15: Drive To Shigar

Day-15: Stay in Shigar and Visit Gemstone Market

Day-16: Come Back to Skardu

Day-17: Visit Gemstone Market and Taking Photography

Day-13: Continue to Islamabad ,

Day-14: Departure